Daily Almanac for Tuesday, November 14, 2023

By Lady Williamson

Former US Secretary of State Condoleeza Rice, was born on this date in 1954. Here is the Condoleezza Rice, official portrait 2005. By Department of State, Public Domain, https commons.wikimedia.org


Condoleezza Rice (/ˌkɒndəˈlzə/ KON-də-LEE-zə; born November 14, 1954) is an American diplomat and political scientist who is the current director of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University. A member of the Republican Party, she previously served as the 66th United States secretary of state from 2005 to 2009 and as the 19th U.S. national security advisor from 2001 to 2005. Rice was the first female African-American secretary of state and the first woman to serve as national security advisor. Until the election of Barack Obama as president in 2008, Rice and her predecessor, Colin Powell, were the highest-ranking African Americans in the history of the federal executive branch (by virtue of the secretary of state standing fourth in the presidential line of succession). At the time of her appointment as Secretary of State, Rice was the highest-ranking woman in the history of the United States to be in the presidential line of succession.

Rice was born in Birmingham, Alabama, and grew up while the South was racially segregated. She obtained her bachelor’s degree from the University of Denver and her master’s degree from the University of Notre Dame, both in political science. In 1981, she received a PhD from the School of International Studies at the University of Denver.[1][2] She worked at the State Department under the Carter administration and served on the National Security Council as the Soviet and Eastern Europe affairs advisor to President George H. W. Bush during the dissolution of the Soviet Union and German reunification from 1989 to 1991. Rice later pursued an academic fellowship at Stanford University, where she later served as provost from 1993 to 1999. On December 17, 2000, she joined the Bush administration as President George W. Bush‘s national security advisor. In Bush’s second term, she succeeded Colin Powell as Secretary of State, thereby becoming the first African-American woman, second African-American after Powell, and second woman after Madeleine Albright to hold this office.

Following her confirmation as secretary of state, Rice pioneered the policy of Transformational Diplomacy directed toward expanding the number of responsible democratic governments in the world and especially in the Greater Middle East. That policy faced challenges as Hamas captured a popular majority in Palestinian elections, and influential countries including Saudi Arabia and Egypt maintained authoritarian systems (with U.S. backing). While in the position, she chaired the Millennium Challenge Corporation‘s board of directors. In March 2009, Rice returned to Stanford University as a political science professor and the Thomas and Barbara Stephenson Senior Fellow on Public Policy at the Hoover Institution. In September 2010, she became a faculty member of the Stanford Graduate School of Business and a director of its Global Center for Business and the Economy. In January 2020, it was announced that Rice would succeed Thomas W. Gilligan as the next director of the Hoover Institution on September 1, 2020. She is on the Board of Directors of Dropbox and Makena Capital Management, LLC.


Question of the Day

Where did the phrase “rain check” originate?

This phrase originally referred to a voucher given to spectators at a baseball game that was rained out. The “rain check” allowed them to watch another game for free. Our sources indicate that the term came into being around 1884 and gradually came to refer to vouchers for other sports and eventually to vouchers you get at, say, the drugstore, when it runs out of sale-priced toothpaste.

Advice of the Day

Experience teaches you to recognize a mistake when you’ve made it again.

Home Hint of the Day

You can repair large cracks and holes in plaster by stuffing wadded newspaper in them, then applying drywall joint compound over the surface.

Word of the Day


Of Polynesian origin. To color, as the flesh, by pricking in coloring matter, so as to form marks or figures which can not be washed out.

Puzzle of the Day

Which is heavier, a half or a full Moon?

The half, because the full Moon is twice as light.


  • Robert Fulton (inventor) – 
  • Claude Monet (artist) – 
  • Frederick Jackson Turner (historian) – 
  • Sonia Delaunay (artist) – 
  • Mamie Doud Eisenhower (U.S. First Lady) – 
  • Astrid Lindgren (author) – 
  • Sherwood Schwartz (writer & producer) – 
  • Veronica Lake (actress) – 
  • Brian Keith (actor) – 
  • Edward White (astronaut) – 
  • King Charles III of England – 
  • Condoleezza Rice (U.S. Secretary of State) – 
  • Willie Hernandez (baseball player) – 
  • Curt Schilling (baseball player) – 
  • Josh Duhamel (actor) – 
  • Chip Gaines (home improvement expert) – 


  • Booker T. Washington (educator & activist) – 
  • Eddie Bracken (actor) – 


  • First Western theatrical production in North America, Le Theatre de Neptune, performed– 
  • Louis Timothee became the first salaried librarian in the U.S.”“– 
  • Moby Dick, by Herman Melville, was first published in the U.S.– 
  • Journalist Nellie Bly left N.Y.C. for tour around the world in 72 days– 
  • Eugene Ely piloted the first airplane take-off from a ship– 
  • Yale University announces that it will begin admitting women as undergraduate students in 1969– 
  • Apollo 12 spacecraft successfully launched from Cape Kennedy– 
  • Princess Anne married Captain Mark Phillips at Westminster Abbey– 
  • Second successful landing of space shuttle Columbia– 
  • Jean Drapeau became mayor of Montreal for 8th time– 
  • First cabooseless Canadian Pacific train left Winnipeg, Manitoba, bound for Thunder Bay, Ontario– 


  • Violent, easterly gales in New York City flooded cellars and spoiled wharves– 
  • 36 seconds into its flight to the Moon, Apollo 12 was struck by lightning, and again 20 seconds later, knocking out its electronic navigation system, and nearly forcing the mission to be “scrubbed”– 

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