Daily Almanac for June 19, 2024; Juneteenth (Emancipation Day)

By Brenda June Temple

Juneteenth, also called Emancipation Day, is a federal holiday that celebrates the end of slavery in the United States. Many businesses as well as post offices will be closed today.

The slavery of African Americans in the U.S. was a major part of its history and Civil War. Juneteenth is observed annually on June 19 to remember the day when Union Army Gen. Gordon Granger told enslaved people in Galveston, Texas, that they had been liberated on June 19, 1865—nearly three years after President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation to end slavery in the U.S.

On that day, General Gordon Granger landed with Federal troops in Galveston, Texas, with the intention of enforcing President Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, 1863. The end of slavery was a gradual process, occurring as news of the proclamation reached outlying towns and states. Juneteenth was probably a shortened version of June 19th. A proclamation from the president stated that all slaves were now free, and the relationship between master and slave was now employer and employee: “The freedmen are advised to remain quietly at their present homes and work for wages. They are informed that they will not be allowed to collect at military posts and that they will not be supported in idleness either there or elsewhere.”

Beginning the year following this Texas event, 1866, festivities to rival the Fourth of July began, including prayer services, inspirational speakers, reading of the Emancipation Proclamation, storytelling by former slaves, and traditional food and games. Soon neighboring states such as Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma were adding celebrations. Throughout Texas, ex-slaves purchased land for their Juneteenth gatherings. June 19 was declared a legal holiday in Texas in 1980.

Juneteenth became a federal holiday on June 21, 2021. African Americans and citizens across this nation honor and celebrate freedom from slavery as well as the achievements of African Americans from the past 158 years. See the Almanac article on Juneteenth.

Actress and Howard University Dean of Fine Arts, Phylicia Rashad is 76 today. Here, she is at the 2007 Red Dress Collection for The Heart Truth Foundation. By The Heart Truth, CC BY-SA 2.0, https commons.wikimedia.org


Phylicia Rashad (/fɪˈlʃə rəˈʃɑːd/ fih-li-shə rə-shahd) (née Ayers-Allen; born June 19, 1948) is an American actress. She is dean of the College of Fine Arts at Howard University and best known for her role as Clair Huxtable on the sitcom The Cosby Show (1984–1992) which earned her two Primetime Emmy Award nominations in 1985 and 1986. She also played Ruth Lucas on Cosby (1996–2000).

In 2004, Rashad became the first black actress to win the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play, which she won for her role in the revival of A Raisin in the Sun. In 2022, Rashad won her second Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play for her performance in Dominique Morisseau‘s Skeleton Crew. Her other Broadway credits include Into the Woods (1988), Jelly’s Last Jam (1993), Gem of the Ocean (2004), and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (2008). Rashad won a NAACP Image Award when she reprised her A Raisin in the Sun role in the 2008 television adaptation.

She has appeared in the films For Colored Girls (2010), Good Deeds (2012), Creed (2015), Creed II (2018), and Creed III (2023). She also voiced Brenda Glover on the Nick Jr. animated children’s educational television series Little Bill (1999–2004). In the 21st century, she has directed revivals of three plays by August Wilson, in major theaters in Seattle, Princeton, New Jersey; and Los Angeles.


Question of the Day

What is the widest tree known to man?

The tree with the largest circumference ever recorded was 190 feet around, a European chestnut known as the “Tree of the Hundred Horses” on Mount Etna, Sicily. Measured in 1770, the tree is now in three, widely separated parts. The biggest tree in the United States is the giant sequoia “General Sherman” in Sequoia National Park, California, with a girth of 102.6 feet.

Advice of the Day

Knowledge and timber shouldn’t be used until they are seasoned.

Home Hint of the Day

When you paint a window sash, allow a slight bead of paint to come over onto the glass, covering the window putty. This ensures keeping water out. It takes a little practice to do, but it’s worth it.

Word of the Day


Fear of spiders

Puzzle of the Day

Hard case (Change these words into a single word.)



  • Blaise Pascal (mathematician and physicist) – 
  • Guy Lombardo (band leader) – 
  • Lou Gehrig (baseball player) – 
  • Salman Rushdie (author) – 
  • Phylicia Rashad (actress) – 
  • Kathleen Turner (actress) – 
  • Paula Abdul (singer & television personality) – 
  • Blake Woodruff (actor) – 


  • J. M. Barrie (author) – 
  • Ethel and Julius Rosenberg (convicted spies) – 
  • Ed Wynn (actor) – 
  • James Gandolfini (actor) – 


  • First real baseball game with set rules was played in Hoboken, New Jersey– 
  • Slavery abolished in U.S. territories– 
  • The first Father’s Day was celebrated in Spokane, Washington – 
  • The U.S. government adopted an 8-hour day for all its employees– 
  • Mine disaster occurred in Hillcrest, Alberta– 
  • Establishment of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in the United States, regulating interstate and foreign communications by radio, telegraph and cable– 
  • Wham-O filed to register Hula Hoop trademark– 
  • Garfield the Cat made his comic strip debut– 
  • A 5.0-magnitude earthquake hit off the northern California coast– 


  • New Brunswick, New Jersey, was hit by a tornado– 
  • Cloudburst near Custer Creek, Montana, dumped an estimated 4 to 7 inches of rain– 
  • Hurricane struck fishing fleet from Escuminac, New Brunswick– 
  • 100 degrees F, Billings, Montana– 
  • Close to 6 inches of rain fell within 75 minutes, Houston, Texas– 


COURTESY www.almanac.com