Daily Almanac for Monday, August 28, 2023

Lady Williamson


On this date in 1963, Dr. Martin Luther King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech. Here is Martin Luther King Jr., bottom row, right side, with leaders of the March on Washington posing in front of the Lincoln Memorial. By Rowland Scherman – U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, Public Domain, https commons.wikimedia.org


I Have a Dream


King delivered a 17-minute speech, later known as “I Have a Dream”. In the speech’s most famous passage – in which he departed from his prepared text, possibly at the prompting of Mahalia Jackson, who shouted behind him, “Tell them about the dream!”– King said:

I say to you today, my friends, so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.

I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: “We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal.”

I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.

I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.

I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.

I have a dream today.

I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of interposition and nullification; one day right there in Alabama, little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.

I have a dream today.

“I Have a Dream” came to be regarded as one of the finest speeches in the history of American oratory. The March, and especially King’s speech, helped put civil rights at the top of the agenda of reformers in the United States and facilitated passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

The original typewritten copy of the speech, including King’s handwritten notes on it, was discovered in 1984 to be in the hands of George Raveling, the first African-American basketball coach of the University of Iowa. In 1963, Raveling, then 26 years old, was standing near the podium, and immediately after the oration, impulsively asked King if he could have his copy of the speech, and he got it.

Martin Luther King Jr’s I have a Dream Speech in Washington, D.C. August 28, 1963.mp3


Question of the Day

If my household water is softened with salt, will it harm my garden?

It might. Softened household water can add salt to your soil. Over time, the salt can accumulate to levels that might be toxic to your plants. Household water softeners also remove calcium and magnesium from the water, and your plants need these nutrients for optimal growth. If you can, use your softened water just for your laundry and bath, having the softener hooked up to your hot-water supply only, and let the rest go untreated for your garden’s sake.

Advice of the Day

Choose a wife by your ear rather than your eye.

Home Hint of the Day

To eliminate paint odor, stir 1 tablespoon of vanilla extract into each pint of paint. This has no effect on the paint.

Word of the Day

Stratus cloud

Thin, gray sheet-like cloud with low base; may bring drizzle or snow.

Puzzle of the Day

The Garden State.(Name the U.S. state!)

New Jersey


  • John Stark (American Revolutionary War general) – 
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (philosopher) – 
  • Elizabeth Ann Seton (first American-born saint) – 
  • Lucy Webb Hayes (first U.S. First Lady to have graduated from college) – 
  • Roy Wilkins (Civil Rights activist) – 
  • Roger Tory Peterson (American artist & ornithologist) – 
  • Tasha Tudor (children’s author & illustrator) – 
  • John Herbert Chapman (father of Canadian Space Agency) – 
  • Daniel Stern (actor) – 
  • Scott Hamilton (figure skater) – 
  • Shania Twain (country singer) – 
  • Jack Black (actor) – 
  • LeAnn Rimes (singer) – 
  • Kyle Massey (actor) – 


  • Jean Baptiste Point du Sable (founder of Chicago, Illinois) – 
  • John Gordon Mein (US Ambassador to Guatemala is assassinated by terrorist) – 
  • Ruth Gordon (actress) – 
  • John Huston (director) – 
  • Chanel (World’s oldest dog, the dachshund, age 147 in dog years, 21 in human years) – 
  • Chadwick Boseman (actor) – 


  • First successful U.S. vineyard established in Kentucky– 
  • The B&O Railroad tried its first American-built locomotive, Tom Thumb, designed by Peter Cooper. The train raced against a horse.– 
  • Scientific American first published– 
  • Sen. Strom Thurmond S.C. starts a filibuster speaking against the Civil Rights Bill. He spoke continuously for 24 hours and 18 minutes.– 
  • The New York Times broke the TV quiz-show scandal story– 
  • Dr. Martin Luther King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech– 
  • Prince Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales were divorced– 


  • Hurricane struck New England on this day, according to the Julian calendar– 
  • Saint George, Georgia, received 18 inches of rain– 
  • Tropical storm Doria caused flooding in central New Jersey and southeastern Pennsylvania– 

COURTESY www.almanac.com