Daily Almanac for Tuesday, December 20, 2022

On this date in 1918, the Name Canadian National Railways” was authorized”.


The Canadian National Railway Company (FrenchCompagnie des chemins de fer nationaux du Canada) (reporting mark CN) is a Canadian Class I freight railway headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, which serves Canada and the Midwestern and Southern United States.

CN is Canada’s largest railway, in terms of both revenue and the physical size of its rail network, spanning Canada from the Atlantic coast in Nova Scotia to the Pacific coast in British Columbia across approximately 20,400 route miles (32,831 km) of track. In the late 20th century, CN gained extensive capacity in the United States by taking over such railroads as the Illinois Central.

CN is a public company with 22,600 employees, and as of July 2019 it has a market cap of approximately CA$90 billion. CN was government-owned, having been a Canadian Crown corporation from its founding in 1919 until being privatized in 1995. As of 2019, Bill Gates is the largest single shareholder of CN stock, owning a 14.2% interest through Cascade Investment and his own Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

From 1919 to 1978, the railway was referred to as “Canadian National Railways” (CNR).

Canadian National Railways with a freight train between Hinton and Jasper, Canada. 2015 photo. By Kabelleger David Gubler – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https commons.wikimedia.org


Question of the Day

When making meringue pie, should refrigerated eggs or room temperature eggs be used?

Use eggs at room temperature next time you make a meringue pie. Cold eggs cause problems in foam and sponge recipes because, when beaten, they do not increase in volume as much as warm eggs do. In general, all ingredients should be brought to room temperature (between 65 and 70°F) before baking.

Advice of the Day

To prevent seasickness, carry a pouch of roasted salt in your pocket.

Home Hint of the Day

To get any part of your project perfectly vertical, hang a plumb line. A plumb line is a heavy object on a string. When the object is at rest, the string is perfectly vertical. For the most accurate readings, use a tool called a plumb bob.

Word of the Day


Alaska’s name comes from an Aleut word meaning “great land.”

Puzzle of the Day

What flowers can be found between the nose and chin?

Tulips (two lips)


  • Harvey Samuel Firestone (tire manufacturer) – 1868
  • Irene Dunne (actress) – 1898
  • George Roy Hill (director of film) – 1922
  • Nicole DeBoer (actress) – 1970
  • Jonah Hill (actor) – 1983
  • JoJo (singer) – 1990


  • Bobby Darin (singer) – 1973
  • Arthur Rubenstein (pianist) – 1982
  • Carl Sagan (astronomer) – 1996
  • J. Russell Coffey (oldest known U.S. veteran of World War I) – 2007
  • Robert Mulligan (director) – 2008
  • Brittany Murphy (actress) – 2009
  • Steve Landesberg (actor) – 2010


  • Operation of first successful water-powered cotton spinning mill in U.S. began, Pawtucket, Rhode Island– 1790
  • Louisiana Purchase finalized– 1803
  • Missouri imposed a $1 tax on bachelors– 1820
  • South Carolina seceded from the Union– 1860
  • Name Canadian National Railways” was authorized”– 1918
  • 24-lb. 8-oz. horse-eye jack caught, Miami, Florida– 1982
  • California angler caught 230-pound Nile perch in Lake Nasser, Egypt– 2000


  • Temperatures in central Illinois dropped from 40 to 0 degrees F in a sudden cold snap that was said to freeze chickens in their tracks– 1836
  • Snowstorm began in Denver, Colorado, that delivered up to 30 inches of snow– 2006

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