Daily Almanac for Thursday, August 4, 2022

On this date in 1977, President Jimmy Carter signed legislation creating the United States Department of Energy. This is Jimmy Carter’s 1978 presidential portrait. By Department of Defense, Public Domain, https commons.wikimedia.org

FROM WIKIPEDIA COMMONS

U.S. energy crisis

On April 18, 1977, Carter delivered a televised speech declaring that the U.S. energy crisis during the 1970s was the “moral equivalent of war”. He encouraged energy conservation by all U.S. citizens and installed solar water heating panels on the White House. He wore sweaters to offset turning down the heat in the White House. On August 4, 1977, Carter signed the Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977, forming the Department of Energy, the first new cabinet position in eleven years. During the signing ceremony, Carter cited the “impending crisis of energy shortages” with causing the necessity of the legislation. At the start of news conference on September 29, 1977, under the impression he had not come across well in addressing energy during his prior press session, Carter stated that the House of Representatives had “adopted almost all” of the energy proposal he had made five months prior and called the compromise “a turning point in establishing a comprehensive energy program.” The following month, on October 13, Carter stated he believed in the Senate’s ability to pass the energy reform bill and identified energy as “the most important domestic issue that we will face while I am in office.”

On January 12, 1978, during a press conference, Carter said the continued discussions about his energy reform proposal had been “long and divisive and arduous” as well as hindering to national issues that needed to be addressed with the implementation of the law. In an April 11, 1978, news conference, Carter said his biggest surprise “in the nature of a disappointment” since becoming president was the difficulty Congress had in passing legislation, citing the energy reform bill in particular: “I never dreamed a year ago in April when I proposed this matter to the Congress that a year later it still would not be resolved.” The Carter energy legislation was approved by Congress after much deliberation and modification on October 15, 1978. The measure deregulated the sale of natural gas, dropped a longstanding pricing disparity between intra- and interstate gas, and created tax credits to encourage energy conservation and the use of non fossil fuels.

On March 1, 1979, Carter submitted a standby gasoline rationing plan per the request of Congress. On April 5, he delivered an address in which he stressed the urgency of energy conservation. During an April 30 news conference, Carter said it was “imperative” that the House commerce committee approve the standby gasoline rationing plan and called on Congress to pass the several other standby energy conservation plans he had proposed. On July 15, 1979, Carter delivered a nationally televised address in which he identified what he believed to be a “crisis of confidence” among the American people, under the advisement of pollster Pat Caddell who believed Americans faced a crisis in confidence from events of the 1960s and 1970s prior to Carter’s taking office. The address would be cited as Carter’s “malaise” speech, memorable for mixed reactions and his use of rhetoric. The speech’s negative reception came from a view that Carter did not state efforts on his own part to address the energy crisis and was too reliant on Americans.

TODAY’S ALMANAC

Question of the Day

How can I keep rabbits out of my garden?

Try planting a double row of onions around your garden next year. Rabbits apparently hate the smell of onions and won’t cross the rows.

Advice of the Day

A lady must not, while wearing her bridal veil, smoke a cigarette. — Emily Post

Home Hint of the Day

A dock left in fresh water for the winter is likely to be destroyed by the pressure from ice if the lake freezes. Remove your dock at the end of the summer season.

Word of the Day

Keelhaul

To haul under the keel of a ship, by ropes attached to the yardarms on each side. It was formerly practiced as a punishment in the Dutch and English navies.

Puzzle of the Day

Nine thumps.(Change these words into a single word.)

Punishment

Died

  • King Henry I of France – 1060
  • Hans Christian Andersen (writer) – 1875
  • Pearl White (actress) – 1938
  • Melvyn Douglas (actor) – 1981

Born

  • Louis Armstrong (musician) – 1901
  • William Howard Schuman (composer) – 1910
  • Billy Bob Thornton (actor) – 1955
  • Barack Obama (44th U.S. president) – 1961
  • Roger Clemens (baseball player) – 1962
  • Jeff Gordon (race car driver) – 1971
  • Kurt Busch (race car driver) – 1978
  • Dylan and Cole Sprouse (actors) – 1992

Events

  • In a triumph for freedom of the press, newspaperman John Peter Zenger was acquitted of the charge of seditious libel– 1735
  • George Washington became a Master Mason– 1753
  • What is now Prince Edward Island became separate from Nova Scotia– 1769
  • The Saturday Evening Post was published for the first time as a weekly newspaper– 1821
  • Aurora visible in much of the United States– 1882
  • Thomas Stevens was the first to bicycle across the United States, leaving San Francisco on April 22 and arriving on this day in Boston to complete his transcontinental trip.– 1884
  • The family of Lizzie Borden was found murdered in their home in Fall River, Massachusetts– 1892
  • Canada entered WWI– 1914
  • The Gestapo found Anne Frank– 1944
  • Three civil rights workers (James Chaney, Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner) were found murdered outside Philadelphia, Mississippi– 1964
  • Major geomagnetic storm– 1972
  • President Jimmy Carter signed legislation creating the United States Department of Energy– 1977
  • Phoenix Mars Lander launched, Cape Canaveral, Florida– 2007

Weather

  • Spokane, Washington, reached a record high temperature of 108 degrees F– 1961
  • 112 degrees F at Walla Walla, Washington– 1961

COURTESY www.almanac.com

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