FROM WIKIPEDIA COMMONS
The National Weather Service (NWS) is an agency of the United States federal government that is tasked with providing weather forecasts, warnings of hazardous weather, and other weather-related products to organizations and the public for the purposes of protection, safety, and general information. It is a part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) branch of the Department of Commerce, and is headquartered in Silver Spring, Maryland, within the Washington metropolitan area. The agency was known as the United States Weather Bureau from 1890 until it adopted its current name in 1970.
The NWS performs its primary task through a collection of national and regional centers, and 122 local Weather Forecast Offices (WFOs). As the NWS is an agency of the U.S. federal government, most of its products are in the public domain and available free of charge.
THE NOVEMBER 1 ALMANAC
In Western Christianity, All Saints’ Day is celebrated on November 1. (In the Eastern Orthodox Church and others, it is observed on the first Sunday after Pentecost.) This is the day when all the saints are honored, especially those who do not have a day of their own. It’s also a family day to honor the memory of family members, visiting the graves of deceased relatives and lighting candles in remembrance. The Christian church often observes All Saints’ Day with a reading of the Beatitudes. Among the eight blessings, the best known may be: “Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.” As the Roman Empire spread across Celt-occupied lands in the 1st century A.D., the Romans incorporated many of the Celtic traditions, including Samhain, from which the holiday Halloween developed. Around 800 years later, the Roman Catholic Church further modified Samhain, designating November 1 as All Saints’ Day. As All Saints’ Day was formerly known as All Hallowmas, the evening, or “e’en” before the feast became popularly known as “All Hallow’s Even” or even shorter, “Hallowe’en”. (Hallow meaning to sanctify or make holy. Saints or holy people are called “hallowed.”) All Saints’ Day is observed in Latin America as part of the Day of the Dead celebrations. Relatives often visit the graves of their loved ones on this day bringing flowers, lights, and deceased’s favorite foods to the cemetery. In some countries, a common practice is to make or fry sweet dough, in the shape of donuts or braided strands or rolls.
- 1755: GREAT EARTHQUAKE AT LISBON, PORTUGAL, ACCOMPANIED BY FIRE AND FLOOD, KILLED BETWEEN SIXTY AND NINETY THOUSAND PEOPLE AND DESTROYED THE CITY
- BORN 1757: ANTONIO CANOVA (SCULPTOR)
- BORN 1757: GEORGE RAPP (RELIGIOUS LEADER)
- 1870: FIRST NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN U.S. BEGAN OPERATION
- BORN 1871: STEPHEN CRANE (AMERICAN WRITER)
- 1941: RAINBOW BRIDGE, AN INTERNATIONAL BRIDGE AT NIAGARA FALLS, OPENS TO THE PUBLIC
- 1941: U.S. PRESIDENT FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT PLACED UNITED STATES COAST GUARD UNDER NAVY CONTROL
- BORN 1941: ROBERT FOXWORTH (ACTOR)
- 1950: TWO PUERTO RICAN NATIONALISTS ATTEMPTED TO ASSASSINATE PRESIDENT HARRY TRUMAN FOLLOWING A WEEK OF POLITICAL UNREST ON THE ISLAND
- 1952: IN TORONTO, CBLT MADE ITS FIRST HOCKEY TV BROADCAST AS THE TORONTO MAPLE LEAFS DEFEATED THE BOSTON BRUINS 3-2
- 1957: THE MACKINAC BRIDGE, CONNECTING MICHIGAN’S UPPER AND LOWER PENINSULAS, OPENED TO TRAFFIC
- BORN 1957: LYLE LOVETT (SINGER)
- 1959: MONTREAL CANADIENS GOALIE JACQUES PLANTE PUT ON A FACE MASK AND BECAME THE FIRST NHL GOALIE TO REGULARLY USE FACE PROTECTION
- BORN 1960: FERNANDO VALENZUELA (BASEBALL PLAYER)
- BORN 1963: RICK ALLEN (DRUMMER OF DEF LEPPARD)
- 1966: FIRST DIRECT FLIGHT FROM CANADA TO USSR
- BORN 1967: SOPHIE B. HAWKINS (MUSICIAN)
- 1969: ELVIS PRESLEY SCORED HIS FIRST NUMBER-ONE HIT IN MORE THAN SEVEN YEARS WITH “SUSPICIOUS MINDS.” IT WOULD BE HIS LAST
- 1972: THE STANDARD OIL CO. OF NEW JERSEY CHANGES ITS NAME TO EXXON CORP
- DIED 1972: EZRA POUND (POET)
- BORN 1972: TONI COLLETTE (ACTRESS)
- DIED 1979: MAMIE EISENHOWER (U.S. FIRST LADY)
- DIED 2007: PAUL WARFIELD TIBBETS JR. (PILOT OF U.S. B-29 SUPERFORTRESS BOMBER ENOLA GAY, WHOSE CREW DROPPED FIRST ATOMIC BOMB ON HIROSHIMA, JAPAN, DURING WWII; BOMB NICKNAMED “LITTLE BOY” WAS DROPPED ON AUGUST 6, 1945, AT 8:15 A.M. LOCAL TIME)
- 2010: THE SAN FRANCISCO GIANTS WON THE WORLD SERIES. IT WAS THE FIRST TIME THE GIANTS WON A WORLD SERIES SINCE RELOCATING FROM NEW YORK TO SAN FRANCISCO AT THE CLOSE OF THE 1957 SEASON.
- 2017: THE HOUSTON ASTROS WON THE WORLD SERIES (AGAINST THE LA DODGERS) FOR THE FIRST TIME IN THE CLUB’S HISTORY