FROM WIKIPEDIA COMMONS
The contraction of cardiac muscle (heart muscle) in all animals is initiated by electrical impulses known as action potentials. The rate at which these impulses fire controls the rate of cardiac contraction, that is, the heart rate. The cells that create these rhythmic impulses, setting the pace for blood pumping, are called pacemaker cells, and they directly control the heart rate. They make up the cardiac pacemaker, that is, the natural pacemaker of the heart. In most humans, the concentration of pacemaker cells in the sinoatrial (SA) node is the natural pacemaker, and the resultant rhythm is a sinus rhythm.
Sometimes an ectopic pacemaker sets the pace, if the SA node is damaged or if the electrical conduction system of the heart has problems. Cardiac arrhythmias can cause heart block, in which the contractions lose any useful rhythm. In humans, and sometimes in other animals, a mechanical device called an artificial pacemaker (or simply “pacemaker”) may be used after damage to the body’s intrinsic conduction system to produce these impulses synthetically.
- 1915: 25,000 WOMEN MARCHED IN NEW YORK CITY DEMANDING THE RIGHT TO VOTE
- 1918: CHARLIE CHAPLIN MARRIED MILDRED HARRIS
- 1950: RESEARCHERS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO ANNOUNCED THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN ELECTRONIC CARDIAC PACEMAKER
- BORN 1955: WEIRD AL YANKOVIC (MUSICIAN)
- 1958: CUMBERLAND MINE DISASTER
- BORN 1976: RYAN REYNOLDS (ACTOR)
- 1978: GARFIELD THE CAT’S LOVABLE TEDDY BEAR, POOKY, MADE HIS COMIC STRIP DEBUT
- DIED 2002: ADOLPH GREEN (AUTHOR & LYRICIST)
- DIED 2003: MADAME CHIANG KAI-SHEK (BECAME ONE OF THE WORLD’S MOST FAMOUS WOMEN AS SHE HELPED HER HUSBAND FIGHT THE JAPANESE DURING WORLD WAR II AND LATER THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS)
- DIED 2004: ROBERT MERRILL (BARITONE)