FROM WIKIPEDIA COMMONS
Margaret Madeline Chase Smith (December 14, 1897 – May 29, 1995) was an American politician. A member of the Republican Party, she served as a U.S. representative (1940–1949) and a U.S. senator (1949–1973) from Maine. She was the first woman to serve in both houses of the United States Congress, and the first woman to represent Maine in either. A moderate Republican, she was among the first to criticize the tactics of Joseph McCarthy in her 1950 speech, “Declaration of Conscience“.
Smith was a candidate for the Republican nomination in the 1964 presidential election; she was the first woman to be placed in nomination for the presidency at a major party‘s convention. Upon leaving office, she was the longest-serving female senator in history, a distinction that was not surpassed until January 5, 2011, when Senator Barbara Mikulski was sworn in for a fifth term. Smith was ranked as the longest-serving Republican woman in the Senate, a distinction that was not surpassed until January 3, 2021, when Susan Collins, who holds the same Senate seat she previously held, was sworn in for a fifth term.
- 1899: HALFORD MACKINDER’S TEAM BECAME THE FIRST EUROPEANS TO SUMMIT MOUNT KENYA
- 1899: HENRY BLISS WALKED OFF A TROLLEY AND WAS HIT BY A SPEEDING DRIVER. THE FOLLOWING DAY WHEN HE DIED FROM HIS INJURIES, HE BECAME THE FIRST PEDESTRIAN TO BE KILLED BY AN AUTOMOBILE
- BORN 1902: LELAND HAYWARD (PRODUCER)
- BORN 1903: CLAUDETTE COLBERT (ACTRESS)
- 1909: THE CHOCOLATE SOLDIER OPENED IN N.Y.C.
- BORN 1920: ELSE HOLMELUND MINARIK (CHILDREN’S AUTHOR; “LITTLE BEAR” SERIES)
- BORN 1925: MEL TORME (SINGER)
- 1943: CHIANG KAI-SHEK BECAME PRESIDENT OF CHINA
- BORN 1944: PETER CETERA (MUSICIAN)
- BORN 1944: JACQUELINE BISSET (ACTRESS)
- BORN 1948: NELL CARTER (ACTRESS & SINGER)
- 1948: MARGARET CHASE SMITH BECAME THE FIRST WOMAN TO SERVE IN BOTH HOUSES OF CONGRESS
- DIED 2001: DOROTHY MCGUIRE (ACTRESS)
- 2004: A PROTESTER DRESSED AS BATMAN SCALED THE FRONT WALL OF BUCKINGHAM PALACE
- DIED 2012: DILHAN ERYURT (TURKISH ASTROPHYSICIST)
- 2015: PARTIAL ECLIPSE OF THE SUN.
- DIED 2017: FRANK VINCENT (ACTOR)
- DIED 2019: EDDIE MONEY (SINGER)