Daily Almanac for Saturday, May 21, 2022

On this date in 1834, Cyrus McCormick’s reaper patented. Here is Cyrus McCormick, American inventor of the mechanical reaper. By George Smillie, Public Domain, https commons.wikimedia.org
Cyrus McCormick’s Sketch of 1845 model reaper. By George Iles 1912, Public Domain, https commons.wikimedia.org

FROM WIKIPEDIA COMMONS

Cyrus Hall McCormick (February 15, 1809 – May 13, 1884) was an American inventor and businessman who founded the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company, which later became part of the International Harvester Company in 1902. Originally from the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia, he and many members of the McCormick family became prominent residents of Chicago. McCormick has been simplistically credited as the single inventor of the mechanical reaper. He was, however, one of several designing engineers who produced successful models in the 1830s. His efforts built on more than two decades of work by his father Robert McCormick Jr., with the aid of Jo Anderson, who was enslaved by the family. He also successfully developed a modern company, with manufacturingmarketing, and a sales force to market his products.

TODAY’S ALMANAC

Armed Forces Day

President Harry S. Truman led the effort to establish a single holiday for citizens to come together and thank our military members for their patriotic service in support of our country. On August 31, 1949, Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson announced the creation of an Armed Forces Day to replace separate Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force Days. The single day celebration stemmed from the unification of the Armed Forces under the Department of Defense and is observed on the third Saturday in May.

Question of the Day

I’m intrigued by the idea of a cutting garden, but I’m uncertain how one keeps such a garden generating new flowers. Any advice?Different gardeners have different ideas about what a cutting garden should be, but generally speaking, it includes unpretentious rows of flowers, sometimes added to a large vegetable garden, that are intended to be decimated. They are the overflow, beyond the more formal borders, edgings, and patio beds that you want to keep looking their best. A cutting garden is best situated in some sunny, out-of-the-way spot. A skilled gardener will plan successive plantings to provide a steady supply of cuttings as the summer progresses. Some good choices for cutting gardens are the taller, longer-stemmed, not-so-neat varieties of flowers that adorn a bouquet but can make a formal border look disheveled. They may be annuals or perennials. Shasta daisies, feverfew, baby’s breath, statice, zinnias, cosmos, strawflowers, poppies, delphiniums, sweet peas, and ornamental grasses are all good choices.

Advice of the Day

Add sugar to arrangements of larkspur and delphinium.

Home Hint of the Day

If you store firewood in the cellar, pour a concrete floor first. This will make for easy cleanup.

Word of the Day

NephelococcygiaSometimes clouds look like other objects, such as dragons, elephants, letters, and even people. Cloud naming is called nephelococcygia.

Puzzle of the Day

Why do seagulls live by the sea?Because if they lived by the bay, they’d be bagels.

Born

  • Albrecht Durer (painter) – 1471
  • Alexander Pope (poet) – 1688
  • Henri Rousseau (painter) – 1844
  • James Gladstone (first Canadian aboriginal senator) – 1887
  • Fats Waller (jazz pianist) – 1904
  • Raymond Burr (actor) – 1917
  • Richard Hatch (actor, writer, producer) – 1945
  • Mr. T (actor) – 1952
  • Ashlie Brillault (actress) – 1987

Died

  • Hernando de Soto (explorer) – 1542
  • Jane Addams (social worker) – 1935

Events

  • Windsor Agricultural Fair (North America’s oldest) founded, Nova Scotia– 1765
  • Cyrus McCormick’s reaper patented– 1834
  • American Red Cross founded– 1881
  • The first U.S. speed limit law for motor vehicles (12 mph in the city/15 mph in the country) passed in Connecticut– 1901
  • Aviator Charles Lindbergh completed the first nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic, New York to Paris– 1927
  • Amelia Earhart completed the first solo flight by a woman across the Atlantic– 1932
  • Robin Moor became the first U.S. merchant ship sunk by a U-boat– 1941
  • Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall were married– 1945
  • World’s first nuclear powered light-house, Baltimore Light, went into operation, Chesapeake Bay– 1964
  • Patti Frustaci gave birth to the first septuplets in the United States– 1985

Weather

  • 124 degrees F in Salton, California– 1896
  • Elkhart, Kansas, was struck by a dust storm– 1937
  • Sleet and snow fell in northern New England– 1990
  • An F2 tornado touched down in Hampton, New Hampshire– 2006

COURTESY www.almanac.com

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