FROM WIKIPEDIA COMMONS
Patricia Campbell Hearst (born February 20, 1954) is an American author and actress, and a granddaughter of American publishing magnate William Randolph Hearst. She first became known for the events following her 1974 kidnapping by the Symbionese Liberation Army. She was found and arrested 19 months after being abducted, by which time she was a fugitive wanted for serious crimes committed with members of the group. She was held in custody, and there was speculation before trial that her family’s resources would enable her to avoid time in prison.
At her trial, the prosecution suggested that Hearst had joined the Symbionese Liberation Army of her own volition. However, she testified that she had been raped and threatened with death while held captive. In 1976, she was convicted for the crime of bank robbery and sentenced to 35 years in prison, later reduced to 7 years. Her sentence was commuted by President Jimmy Carter, and she was later pardoned by President Bill Clinton.
The United Federated Forces of the Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA) was an American left-wing organization active between 1973 and 1975 that considered itself a vanguard army and committed bank robberies, two murders, and other acts of violence. The SLA became internationally notorious for the kidnapping of heiress Patty Hearst, abducting the 19-year-old from Berkeley, California.
Interest increased when Hearst, in audiotaped messages delivered to and broadcast by regional news media, announced that she had joined the SLA. Hearst later said that members of the SLA threatened to kill her, held her in close confinement, and sexually assaulted and brainwashed her. As of 2017, all but one of the surviving SLA members have been released from prison.
- 1851: THE FIRST EDITION OF “THE NEW YORK DAILY TIMES” WENT ON SALE. THE PAPER LATER DROPPED “DAILY” FROM ITS TITLE
- 1932: SHIRLEY TEMPLE MADE HER FILM DEBUT, AT THE AGE OF 3, IN WAR BABIES
- 1937: FIRST NIGHTTIME SKYWRITING IN THE U.S.
- BORN 1939: FRED WILLARD (ACTOR)
- BORN 1939: FRANKIE AVALON (SINGER & ACTOR)
- BORN 1950: DARRYL SITTLER (HOCKEY PLAYER)
- 1955: FINAL DAY OF STREETCAR SERVICE IN WINNIPEG, MANITOBA
- 1955: WHAT HAD PREVIOUSLY BEEN THE TOAST OF THE TOWN ON CBS TV SINCE 1948 BECAME THE ED SULLIVAN SHOW
- DIED 1970: JIMI HENDRIX (MUSICIAN)
- BORN 1971: JADA PINKETT SMITH (ACTRESS)
- 1973: THE UN ACCEPTS EAST GERMANY, WEST GERMANY AND THE BAHAMAS AS MEMBERS
- BORN 1973: JAMES MARSDEN (ACTOR)
- 1975: FUGITIVE PATTY HEARST WAS ARRESTED IN SAN FRANCISCO AFTER SPENDING MORE THAN SIX MONTHS WITH THE SYMBIONESE LIBERATION ARMY
- BORN 1979: ALISON LOHMAN (ACTRESS)
- DIED 1980: KATHERINE ANNE PORTER (AUTHOR)
- 1980: COSMONAUT ARNALDO TAMAYO MÉNDEZ FIRST LATIN AMERICAN IN SPACE
- 1983: GEORGE MEEGAN FINISHED AN ALMOST SEVEN-YEAR LONG WALK, FROM THE TIP OF SOUTH AMERICA TO THE ARCTIC OCEAN AT PRUDHOE BAY, ALASKA
- DIED 2001: ERNIE COOMBS (CHILDREN’S ENTERTAINER, “MR. DRESSUP”)
- DIED 2002: “BULLET” BOB HAYES (OLYMPIC GOLD MEDALIST AND FOOTBALL PLAYER)
- 2007: AQUARIUM OF THE BAY IN CALIFORNIA REPORTED THAT AN ANGEL SHARK HAD BEEN BORN