FROM WIKIPEDIA COMMONS
Coca-Cola, or Coke, is a carbonated soft drink manufactured by The Coca-Cola Company. Originally marketed as a temperance drink and intended as a patent medicine, it was invented in the late 19th century by John Stith Pemberton and was bought out by businessman Asa Griggs Candler, whose marketing tactics led Coca-Cola to its dominance of the world soft-drink market throughout the 20th century. The drink’s name refers to two of its original ingredients: coca leaves, and kola nuts (a source of caffeine). The current formula of Coca-Cola remains a trade secret; however, a variety of reported recipes and experimental recreations have been published.
The Coca-Cola Company produces concentrate, which is then sold to licensed Coca-Cola bottlers throughout the world. The bottlers, who hold exclusive territory contracts with the company, produce the finished product in cans and bottles from the concentrate, in combination with filtered water and sweeteners. A typical 12-US-fluid-ounce (350 ml) can contains 38 grams (1.3 oz) of sugar (usually in the form of high-fructose corn syrup). The bottlers then sell, distribute, and merchandise Coca-Cola to retail stores, restaurants, and vending machines throughout the world. The Coca-Cola Company also sells concentrate for soda fountains of major restaurants and foodservice distributors.
The Coca-Cola Company has on occasion introduced other cola drinks under the Coke name. The most common of these is Diet Coke, along with others including Caffeine-Free Coca-Cola, Diet Coke Caffeine-Free, Coca-Cola Zero Sugar, Coca-Cola Cherry, Coca-Cola Vanilla, and special versions with lemon, lime, and coffee. Coca-Cola was called Coca-Cola Classic from July 1985 to 2009, to distinguish it from “New Coke“. Based on Interbrand’s “best global brand” study of 2015, Coca-Cola was the world’s third most valuable brand, after Apple and Google. In 2013, Coke products were sold in over 200 countries worldwide, with consumers drinking more than 1.8 billion company beverage servings each day. Coca-Cola ranked No. 87 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.
- BORN 1905: RED NICHOLS (MUSICIAN)
- BORN 1906: ROBERTO ROSSELLINI (DIRECTOR)
- 1906: BILL MINER ROBBED TRAIN NEAR KAMLOOPS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
- BORN 1920: SLOAN WILSON (WRITER)
- BORN 1926: DON RICKLES (COMEDIAN)
- BORN 1926: SIR DAVID ATTENBOROUGH (NATURALIST)
- BORN 1940: RICKY NELSON (SINGER)
- BORN 1943: TONI TENNILLE (SINGER)
- 1945: THE GERMAN HIGH COMMAND SURRENDERED UNCONDITIONALLY TO THE ALLIES (WW II – VE DAY)
- DIED 1991: RUDOLF SERKIN (PIANIST)
- DIED 1994: GEORGE PEPPARD (ACTOR)
- 1999: NANCY MACE BECAME THE FIRST FEMALE CADET TO GRADUATE FROM THE CITADEL MILITARY COLLEGE
- DIED 2004: BANDIT, BILLED AS THE WORLD’S HEAVIEST RACCOON, DIED. HE LIVED WITH HIS OWNER IN PALMERTON, PA. BANDIT TIPPED THE SCALES AT NEARLY 75 POUNDS — THREE TIMES THE AVERAGE FOR HIS BREED. BANDIT WAS BORN WITH A BAD THYROID GLAND. WHEN HE HIT 52.5 POUNDS IN 1999, HIS GIRTH GARNERED HIM A SPOT IN THE GUINNESS BOOK OF WORLD RECORDS
- 2005: STEVE NASH OF THE PHOENIX SUNS WAS NAMED MVP FOR THE 2004-05 BASKETBALL SEASON. HE WAS THE FIRST CANADIAN TO RECEIVE THE HONOR
- DIED 2009: DOM DIMAGGIO (BASEBALL PLAYER; HOLDS THE RECORD FOR THE LONGEST CONSECUTIVE GAME HITTING STREAK IN BOSTON RED SOX HISTORY)
- DIED 2012: MAURICE SENDAK (CHILDREN’S BOOKS AUTHOR AND ILLUSTRATOR)
- DIED 2013: JEANNE COOPER (ACTRESS)